Courses in hypertext theory, in writing hypertext, on hypertext literature, and on the design and implementation of hypertext tools are taught throughout the world, from elementary school through graduate studies.
We hope that this compendium of hypertext courses will give students and instructors, now and in the future, a better sense of what has been done elsewhere and what might be accomplished, and to facilitate communication among everyone interested in studying and teaching hypertext.
Hypertext in Libraries contains information of interest to librarians, and lists a range of libraries
throughout the world whose collections include hypertexts and tools from Eastgate. Hypertext in Courses contains more information of interest to instructors.
The following notes describe courses, past and present, of which we have heard. We apologize for errors and inaccuracies. Please send corrections and additions to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Hypertext Reading & Writing
David S. Miall
We examine critically the arguments for the postmodern status of hypertext, and consider to what extent such accounts of electronic textuality agree with what is known about writing and reading, both theoretically and empirically. We will also study some of the pedagogical evaluations of hypertexts in order to assess their role in teaching and learning. | home page
American River College
Introduction to Poetry
C. P. Handa
The instructor writes that " the final assignment in this class... could be either a standard academic paper or a hypertext. Students who liked working in Storyspace really liked it. I have had some students go on to other lit. classes and ask the professor why he/she wasn't using Storyspace."
Hypertext Fiction Workshop
Robert Coover, Robert Arellano
This workshop has fostered many hypertext writers, including Mary-kim Arnold, author of Lust, and Shelley Jackson, author of Patchwork Girl. Home of the Hypertext Hotel a collaborative hypertext.
Survey of English Literature, 1700 to the Present
George P. Landow
English 32 -- widely known for its historic role in the growth of hypertext. Source of The Dickens Web and The In Memoriam Web. description | syllabus
Maggie Sokolik, Nina Mullen, and Joe Lambert
Reading, writing, and discussion about storytelling in a digital era as well as the impact of technology on individuals and cultures. Students will learn how to craft engaging stories, analyze and critique each others' stories, work with the tools necessary to present material in digital format, and other skills.
Multimedia Literature 2000
A survey of multimedia literature in English, from the medieval illuminated manuscript through contemporary hypertext, this course also introduces students to practical electronic media writing and hypertext design. home page
A class exploring critical theory applied to the internet. home page
Complutense University (Spain)
Electronic publishing in the design of Human Resources training manuals
Jose M. Prieto
Faculty of psychology. A 150 hour workshop. home page
Hypertext and Literature
"We will read a number of contemporary hypertexts (see George Landow's Storyspace Cluster) and explore the literary and pedagogical issues evoked by the new media. And, we will create hypertexts of our own. Writers will include such figures as Borges, Beckett, Pynchon, Duras, Barthes; Michael Joyce, Judy Malloy, Nancy Kaplan, Guyer, Moulthrop, Jay Bolter, and George Landow. No prior experience with hypertext or electronic texts is required. The course is designed as an introduction to the technology, the texts, and the questions they raise." | home page
A Bigger Place to Play: Text, Knowledge, and Pedagogy in the Electronic Age
One (very interesting) student project, in a truly postmodern move, is a new hypertextual syllabus | syllabus
James D. Foley and Andreas Dieberger
Harare Polytechnic (Zimbabwe)
Students use hypertext tools to explore cultural, poltical ramifications of pottery tradition. Morrison's report on the course is one of the best papers yet published on hypertext pedagogy.
Non-linear Visual Thinking and the Lure of Interactivity
Department of Visual and Environmental Studies. The instructor writes that, "It is a studio course--students both look at work and produce pieces. We start with film and video, then move to printed texts. Hypertext works are next. Then we are move on to videogames, CDs, MOO-work, and artist installations." syllabus
Hochschule für Fernsehen und Film, München
SAGAs: Writing Interactive Fiction
Readings include City of Glass by Paul Auster, Grendel by John Gardner , Beloved by Toni Morrison , Victory Garden by Stuart Moulthrop , Afternoon, a story by Michael Joyce. | syllabus
Illinois State University
First offered in 1993.
The instructor recalls that a "requirement in both courses was for each student to write a substantial hypertext of his or her own. I gave students the option of writing either a fiction (or poem) or a work of criticism... Interestingly, most students elected to write fictions--even students who had never written creatively before and had no particular interest in ever writing fiction again. Perhaps this simply says something about the need to bring storytelling into pedagogy in general, but I also feel that students were more attracted to writing hypertext fiction than they would have been to writing print fiction. I don't know how to explain this. Perhaps it has something to do with the sudden liberation from expected norms."
Electronic Text Seminar
Extensive readings, including afternoon, Victory Garden, Patchwork Girl, and Twilight, and an interesting slate of guest lecturers. syllabus
D. Diane Davis
A theoretical inquiry into the social, ethical, and political issues surrounding electronic texts, as well as a hands-on workshop devoted to the analysis and production if hypertexts and virtual worlds. Readings include Hypertext 2.0 and Patchwork Girl. syllabus
London (Queen Mary & Westfield College)
"Cyber_lit is designed to facilitate interaction with electronic forms of literary creativity, and to disseminate the technical skills needed to produce your own material. The course doesn't stop at the reading list." | home page
Reading and Writing Texts and HyperTexts
" In this course we'll read a number of literary works, in conventional print form as well as electronic form--as both plain texts and hypertexts.... We'll write a great deal in this class, usually in the hypertextual environment known as Storyspace. In this class, the idea is for all of us to experience the possibilites and problems of electronic textuality first hand, working togther to explore this new medium. | syllabus | class project
The current state of Literature
Lars Gustaf Andersson
"We have used Mr Landow's books and some Scandinavian articles on hypertexts. The Web sites I have used - in addition to the Eastgate sites - have been different Scandinavian sites, mostly concerning the academic use of hypertext (e. g. in critical editions of classical authors)."
ENL 453-01 Undergraduate Advanced Writing Workshop: Writing On The Internet
This web-based course focuses upon a variety of writing modes as they appear on the World Wide Web. We will be looking at and producing criticism, opinion, journalism, essays and discussions, as well as fiction and other creative genres. | syllabus
In a fascinating paper in Teaching Literature with Computers, Smith describes in detail two advanced-level courses that made extensive use of Storyspace, The Dickens Web, and The In Memoriam Web: Is There a Hypertext In This Class? and Teaching Victorian Literature in the Electronic Age. Much fascinating detail, including accounts of how student writing was changed by hypertext reading assignments, difficulties that students encountered, and student responses.
Hypertext Fiction & Theory
We will discuss the theoretical and cultural antecedents of hypertext; the nostalgia and yearning for the presence promised by The Book; the tropes and figures of electronic culture; the epistemological and stylistic shifts of hypertextual narrative; and the problem of literary value in the Information Age. Readings (online, print, and electronic) include Michael Joyce, Stuart Moulthrop, J. Yellowlees Douglas, Shelley Jackson, Matthew Miller, Vannevar Bush, Nicholas Negroponte, Jay Bolter, George Landow, Greg Ulmer, Sven Birkerts, Neil Gaiman, Gibson, Haraway, Foucault, Barthes, Lyotard, Baudrillard, Hillis Miller, John Beverley, Alan Liu, Manuel Castells, Friedrich Kittler, and N. Katherine Hayles. syllabus
Electronic Literature and Culture
We will discuss the relations between text and image; post-humanism; cyborgs and the technology of reproduction; simulation and the simulacrum; the idea of a digital condition; techno-paranoia; "making do" and the figure of the hacker; the theoretical and cultural antecedents of hypertext; the anamorphic text; the stylistics of hypertextual narrative; and the general problem of literary value in relation to codes and information. syllabus
Hypertext in theory and practice
"This seminar will study a number of works that anticipate and parallel the development of hypertext: T. S. Eliot's The Waste Land, Pound's Cantos, selected poems of Marianne Moore, and Susan Howe's The Nonconformist s Memorial. In addition to essays by these poets, we will read hypertext theorists such as Moulthrop, Jay David Bolter, and Nancy Kaplan and investigate the many poetry sites on the WWW. Seminar papers must be hypertexts." syllabus
The New School
Hypertext Poetry and Fiction
A remote-learning class, offered through the Internet and taught by Eastgate writer Robert Kendall, author of A Life Set For Two. The class is taught entirely on-line and is open to anyone with access to the Web. Students learn about hypertext literature and create their own work in either Storyspace or HTML. Each class includes on-line guest "appearances" by two notable figures in hypertext literature, and each term the class studies a hypertext by one of these guests. The class has been running since 1995 and is offered every spring and fall, and often in the summer. New York Magazine selected it as one of "The City's Best Classes for Adults."
Alumni include Deena Larsen, author of Marble Springs, Bill Bly, author of We Descend, Rosemary Passantino, and many other notable hypertext writers.
Course home page | Links to alumni projects
New York University
School of Continuing Education
Electron Lit: Hypertext Fiction and Poetry
Bill Bly writes "The dawn of the computer age has seen the emergence of a new genre of literature, hypertext - non-linear fiction and poetry created specifically to be read on a computer. Hypertext literature comes in all shapes and sizes, from Judy Malloy's Its Name Was Penelope, a small (196 kilobytes) stand-alone poetry collection, to John McDaid's Uncle Buddy's Phantom Funhouse, which comes in a box containing five floppy disks, two cassette tapes, a sheaf of publisher's page proofs, and a "Getting Started" manual.
"In this class, students will explore several examples of hypertext literature, make a semi-formal presentation of a published hypertext they have read, write and present a formal paper on an important issue in the field, and contribute to the development of a World Wide Web site for the class. In addition, on-line conferences will be held with two hypertext authors, to discuss their experiences in the "real world" of hypertext, and to answer student questions."
Collin G. Brooke
"This course is an introduction to some of the social and institutional issues surrounding electronic writing (including hypertext). We used Eastgate Quarterly Review 2.4 and read some of Mark Bernstein's work (Patterns and Hypertext Gardens) in addition to some of the traditional stuff (Lanham, Birkerts, Steven Johnson, Ilana Snyder)." syllabus and projects
Hypertext Rhetoric and Poetics
Collin G. Brooke
"An advanced graduate course. We read some print precursors (Borges, Cortazar, etc.), Afternoon, Patchwork Girl, and Aarseth's Cybertext, along with a number of essays." syllabus
A guide to Storyspace in French.
Computers and Writing
Queensland University of Technology
Literature in Teaching
A fascinating paper on the experience of pre-service teachers encountering hypertext reading and writing: Re-Placing Authority By Desire: Novices Reading And Writing Literary Hypertext.
Writing and Technology
Students will have the choice of writing several short projects, including narrative essays, critical essays, and short fiction--all using electronic media to create and share work. The course will conclude with a final project and a "cyber salon" for presenting the projects. syllabus | reading list
Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology
Advanced Hypertext Theory and Practice
Showa Women's University (Tokyo)
English as a Second Language
Hypertext writing with Storyspace is offered as an option to advanced students.
International Trade and Latin American Economics
Pat Hoffman and Ellen Fitzpatrick
Used Storyspace for economic concepts mapping.
Swinburne University (Australia)
This subject aims to critically examine current theory relating to electronic writing and, in particular, hypertext. Does the embodiment of electronic writing in the form of stand alone hypertext applications or in the form of the World Wide Webchange our relationship as readers to the written word? Does electronic writing, as Mark Poster argues, represent a third stage in the mode of information?" | home page
The New Literature: Hypertext Fiction and Poetry
J. S. Parker
The New Literature: A Hypertext Fiction and Poetry Fiction Workshop
J. S. Parker and Lynn Stormon
An online course, offered as by the School of Continuing Education. The primary focus is on the student's development of coherent hypertext multi-media stories or poems-- working to define an art form at the cutting edge. Concepts include ideas about video games as narrative texts, acheiving written structures relevant to hypertext, introducing images, audio and video into writing.
Hypertext Fiction and Poetry Workshop
J. S. Parker
"This course concerns itself with hypertext literature in the two forms it currently exists: 1) The fusion of film, literature, visual art, music, and performance. 2) Polyphonic or multiphonic, achronological form experimentation." | home page
HyperRhetoroids: The Rhetoric of Hypertext
Explores the world of hypertext/hyperfiction in several "genres" -- Storyspace, and the Internet to mention just two. Readings include Moulthrop's Victory Garden, a course packet. and Online sources. Each student will create four final products, one of which will be in collaboration with their project group: 1.) A creative fiction or non-fiction hypertext in Storyspace that plays with the very different conceptual mapping of ideas possible in the medium; 2.) A rhetorical analysis of a particular 'web' (either Storyspace or the Internet); 3.) An in-depth evaluative argument focusing on one of the hypertext 'genres' we have explored; 4.) A WWW project providing research on hypertext and its relationship to readers, writers, and rhetoric."
Computers and Writing
French composition (as a foreign language)
A report on experience teaching composition and language with hypertext tools contrasted to work with conventional word processors.
Literature in Transition: The Impact of Information Technologies
N. Katherine Hayles
1995 NEH Summer Seminar for College Teachers. syllabus
Taught by Michael Joyce, author of afternoon and Twilight.
"We will come to see (we have come to see) that electronic texts expose the patchwork ("expose" perhaps in the way of a photograph) and recall the body."
Postmodernism and Cyberspace
syllabus with many interesting student projects.
Introduction to Literary Theory: Deconstruction, Gender Studies, Cultural Studies
A survey of the postmodern scene, includes reading of Landow's Hypertext and Shelley Jackson's Patchwork Girl. syllabus
Theory and Practice of Hypertext
Elizabeth Cooper and Michael Keller
Explores the practice of writing hypertexts. syllabus
Michelle R. Kendrick
" This course will offer an in-depth look at the emerging field of writing in hypertextual environments. [...] We will examine the theoretical claims about and the practice of writing hypertext. We will think about these claims as they relate to education in general and to writing, specifically. What is happening to technologies of inscription?" syllabus
Wellington (New Zealand)
Cecilia Buchanan, Paul Martin
"Students in the class will be working on Web development projects for real customers. Projects will involve
+ electronic seismology laboratory for high school students, + virtual community for geographically-distributed nursing students, + creative religious worship online. | home page
West Virginia University
Virtual Environments: Performance, Interaction and Agency
Interface theory and theater theory are applied to analyze multi-user environments. Students participate in,critique, and develop multi-user environments. Students also have the option to work in web media, hypertext or multimedia programs and we will have a range of Eastgate hypertext fiction and poetry works available to them at the Center for Literary Computing. | course description
University of Western Ontario
Book Page and Computer Screen
This course will look at two print novels and three short electronic hypertext fictions in terms of their physical features as well as their words. An elaborate Web-based edition of Pride and Prejudice can be usefully compared to a paperback version. Ulysses, a work very much aware of print's opportunities and limitations, can be compared to my hypermedia version. The hypertexts now seem most interesting as problems: do their physical attributes overwhelm the content? is there meaningful content at all or only form and structure? We will also look at several critics and theorists who discuss literary works in terms of their physicality or their material conditions of production. A schedule and syllabus, plus links and related materials, are available at the course Web site.
University of Western Ontario
Hypertext Fiction and Theory
The course will consider relations between hypertext and literature in four areas: 1) proto-hypertexts, or some print-based works that prefigure hypertext (Jorge-Luis Borges, "The Garden of Forking Paths," "The Library of Babel," and "Pierre Menard, Author of the Quixote"; James Joyce, Ulysses (excerpts); Vladimir Nabokov, Pale Fire; and Italo Calvino, If on A Winter's Night a Traveller; 2) examples of recent hypertext fiction (Michael Joyce, "Afternoon"; Carolyn Guyer, "Quibbling"; Shelley Jackson, "Patchwork Girl"); 3) print-based and hypertextual theories of hypertext (selections from Myron Tuman's collection, Literacy Online, and other photocopied essays; and 4) discussions of the relations between literary works and technology (excerpts from Jerome McGann, The Textual Condition; Walter J. Ong, Orality and Literacy). A schedule and syllabus, plus links and related materials, are available at the course Web site.
Wisconsin/Milwaukee "Particular emphasis will be paid to expanding participants' understanding of computer applications for English Studies out beyond the composition classroom and into both literature and creative writing classrooms. Accordingly, we will read, write and experiment with computers at their intersection with the study of writing, texts, authors, genres, and theoriesïfrom concordance compilation to collaborative composing." | home page | student projects
Computer Pedagogy for English Studies
"Particular emphasis will be paid to expanding participants' understanding of computer applications for English Studies out beyond the composition classroom and into both literature and creative writing classrooms. Accordingly, we will read, write and experiment with computers at their intersection with the study of writing, texts, authors, genres, and theoriesïfrom concordance compilation to collaborative composing." | home page | student projects
Tell Us About Other Hypertext Courses!
We are interested in learning about past courses, current course offerings, and plans for the future. We're interested in work at all levels, in all disciplines, everywhere in the world.
If you're a student or an instructor, please tell us about your hypertext course. We'd like to know:
- the name of the course
- where it is (or was) taught
- who teaches it
If you have and extra moment, we'd love more information, too. What is covered? What hypertexts are studied? Are materials from the course -- the syllabus, readings, student projects, available on the Web?
Send e-mail to email@example.com